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No transitory coeloms in Crustacea

Bartolomaeus, T., Quast, B. & Koch, M.
Vollständiger Titel: 
Nephridial development and body cavity formation in Artemia salina (Crustacea: Branchiopoda): no evidence for any transitory coelom
ZFMK-Autorinnen / ZFMK-Autoren: 
Org. Einordnung: 
Publiziert in: 
DOI Name: 
Artemia salina, Crustacea, organogenesis, coelom, body cavities, nephridia, TEM, CLSM
Bibliographische Angaben: 
Bartolomaeus, T., Quast, B. & Koch, M. (2009): Nephridial development and body cavity formation in Artemia salina (Crustacea: Branchiopoda): no evidence for any transitory coelom. – Zoomorphology 128 (Special Issue "The Arthropoda within the Metazoa")

The Ecdysozoa-hypothesis on the origin of arthropods questions the homology of segmentation in arthropods, onychophorans,  and annelids. The implication of convergent gain of metamery in these groups seems to conflict particularly with the correspondence  in the development of serial coelomic cavities and metanephridia. Ultrastructural studies of the mesoderm development in Onychophora  revealed that main correspondence with the state in annelids concerns the involvement of epithelial lining cells of the embryonic  coelomic cavities in the formation of the visceral and somatic musculature. The significance of this correspondence, however,  remained unclear as comparable data on the state in arthropods were still missing. Developmental studies on selected representatives  covering all major arthropod subgroups aim to fill in this gap. Data were raised by a combination of transmission electron  microscopy and fluorescent stainings of the muscular system and nuclei for the anostracan crustacean Artemia salina. In this species, putative transitory coelomic cavities proved to be absent in all trunk segments. In the second antennal  and second maxillary segments small, compact nephridial anlagen develop into a sacculus and excretory duct. The sacculus originates  from the terminal cells of the nephridial duct, which is formed in advance. The lumen of the sacculus is inconspicuous in  its earliest functional stage and later enlarges to a bulb; it accordingly represents no remnant of any primarily large coelomic  cavity. The muscular system is entirely formed prior to and independent of coelomic or nephridial anlagen. Visceral and somatic  mesoderm already separate in the caudal body region. Transitory segmental clusters of mesodermal cells are composed of somatic  cells only and accordingly represent no "somites". Our observations overall do not provide any support for the homology of  coelomic cavities in annelids and arthropods

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