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Pelvic-fin brooding in a new…

Vollständiger Titel: 
Pelvic-fin brooding in a new species of riverine ricefish (Atherinomorpha: Beloniformes: Adrianichthyidae) from Tana Toraja, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia
ZFMK-Autorinnen / ZFMK-Autoren: 
Org. Einordnung: 
Publiziert in: 
Raffles Bulletin of Zoology
Oryzias, taxonomy, freshwater fi sh, endemism, reproduction, sexual dimorphism
Bibliographische Angaben: 
Herder, F.H., Hadiaty, R.K., Nolte, A.W. (2012) Pelvic-fin brooding in a new species of riverine ricefish (Atherinomorpha: Beloniformes: Adrianichthyidae) from Tana Toraja, Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 60(2): 467-476.

A new species of ricefi sh is described from a hill stream in Tana Toraja, Sulawesi. Oryzias 
eversi, new species, is distinguished from all other adrianichthyids in Sulawesi by having a low number of 
fi n rays in anal (17–18 (19)) and dorsal (10–12) fi ns, only 33–36 scales in lateral midline, ½14 transverse 
scale rows at dorsal fi n origin, 30–32 (33) vertebrae, small eyes (28.2–35.5% of head length), a conspicuous 
blackish male courtship colouration, and pelvic brooding behaviour similar to lacustrine ricefi shes. Female 
Oryzias eversi carry the eggs until the embryos hatch, and show a conspicuous abdominal concavity and 
extended pelvic fi ns, accommodating and holding the clutch of eggs. The eggs are connected to the female 
for the whole time of development by attaching fi laments that protrude from the female’s urogenital pore. 
A mitochondrial haplotype phylogeny suggests that the new species is closely related to another “pelvic 
brooder”, the lake-dwelling O. sarasinorum from Lake Lindu in Central Sulawesi. However, the haplotype 
group of O. eversi and O. sarasinorum is nested within a clade of egg-depositing Oryzias from central, 
southwest, and southeast Sulawesi, whereas another pelvic brooder, Adrianichthys oophorus from Lake 
Poso, forms a distinct, second lineage of Sulawesi’s ricefi shes. Accordingly, the pelvic brooding strategy 
has probably evolved more than once and may be realised in river habitats, which represents a new 
evolutionary trajectory in the radiation of ricefi shes in Sulawesi. The present discovery adds another new 
ricefi sh species to Sulawesi’s still only partially known ichthyofauna, and highlights the island’s role as 
hotspot of adrianichthyid diversity.

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