History of Mammalogy in Europe
A review is given on the historical development of mammal research in Europe. The term
Mammalia was coined by Carolus Linnaeus in 1758 for animals bearing mammae. While he
named 77 species, a current list counts 320+ species for Europe. Thirty-five journals specialized on mammals have been issued since 1926, about 22 of which are currently being
published. Regional mammal congresses have been organized since 1926, European-wide
ones since 1960. Mammal Societies have been founded in Germany (1926), The Netherlands
(1952), United Kingdom (1954), France (1954), Czechoslovakia (1958), Italy (1983),
Lithuania (1989), Russia (1992), Ukraine (1993), and Spain (2000), among others. Local faunas and handbooks have been published in many different countries over the last 250 years, culminating in the present Handbook of the Mammals of Europe and in the Handbook of the Mammals of the World.