The Leibniz Institute for the Analysis of Biodiversity Change

is a research museum of the Leibniz Association

Apollo population genomics



Quick facts

Project title: 
Genome sequencing and population level analysis of past and present genetic diversity covering the whole distribution range of Parnassius apollo (Apollo)
ZFMK Project lead: 
Object of research: 
Lepidoptera, Butterflies


Parnassius apollo (Papilionidae) is an iconic butterfly species with a wide distribution from Spain to China. The distribution is, however, very spotwise, and e.g. in Germany only a few populations remain. It is the only non-tropical butterfly protected under the CITES convention. The goal of this project is to use high throughput sequencing to investigate the genetic diversity of Parnassius apollo across space and time. To do this we will mainly rely on museum specimens collected across the range of the species, and during the last 120 years, and supplement with fresh material to generate a high quality reference genome.


Contact person

Head of section
+49 228 9122-220
+49 228 9122-212
m.espeland [at]